The Sun in vedic
of its names is Aditya ("first born"). It
is also called Bhutasya Jatah (creator or
father of all bhutas, i.e., objects and
ingredients from which objects assume form).
He is the ruler of all the planets. The
Sun represents the male or father principle.
The Sun is the ruler of the zodiac sign Leo. It is regarded as a malefic planet, but it is actually an auspicious planet. Its' friendship with Jupiter is sattvik (pure, as Jupiter is the teacher of the Sun). With the Moon the relationship is rajasic and with Mars, tamasic.
The Sun gives us vitality and the power of resistance and immunity. It is responsible for our physical makeup - the body's constitution. The Sun gives life force, the power of will, intellect, brilliance, prosperity, success in worldly affairs, wealth, personal conduct, activity, cheerfulness, good fortune, wisdom, ambition, fame, the understanding of the phenomenal world, and the knowledge of medicine.
The gemstone related to the Sun is the ruby - the metal is gold. The Sun rules number 1 in indian numerology.
The Moon in vedic astrology
The famous Vedic verse Purusha Sukta, describing the cosmic man, states, "chandrama manso jatah": "Moon was born from the mind of the cosmic man," i.e., Virat Purusa, or Kal Purusa.
Moon is the presiding deity of the element water, and rules over the tides of the sea. The sphere of the Moon is the reservoir of rainwater and thus Moon is the ruler of plants and the vegetable kingdom. Moon represents the mother or female principle, the energy that creates and preserves.
The color of Moon is white. Nature is mucus-dominated, tender-hearted, wise, and learned. It rules peace of mind, comfort, general well-being, and also the fortune of a person.
It shows influence around twenty-four to twenty-five years of age. The Moon gives illumination, sense of purpose, intuitive nature, sensuality, taste, youth, love of poetry, fine arts and music, love of jewelry, attractive appearance, wealth and good fortune. It makes us moody, emotional, and sensitive.
The Moon is auspicious for those who are born in the ascending Moon cycle and malefic for those who are born in the descending Moon cycle.
For persons whose Moon is not rightly placed in their horoscopes or is ill-aspected, success becomes difficult. Sometimes it even becomes difficult to achieve a comfortable life on earth. It makes such people weak or sick in their early years.
The gemstone related to Moon is pearl, and its metal is silver. Moon rules number 2 in indian numerology.
The Jupiter in vedic astrology
Jupiter in Sanskrit is known as Brahaspati or Guru. In the Taittiriya Upanishad Jupiter is said to be the intellect and speech of the Virat Purusha, the Cosmic Body. In the Brihat Parasara Hora (1.26.31) he is said to be the dwarf incarnation of Vishnu. In the Vishnu Purana he is said to be Brahma. Sometimes he is identified with Ganapati (Ganesh), and sometimes with Angiras (the priest of the gods and lord of sacrifices).
There is also a story that the wife of Angiras gave birth to Brahaspati (Jupiter), who is the presiding deity of mental powers and the teacher of gods. He is the teacher of the science of light, that is, vedic astrology and astronomy. He is the ruler of the Sun and the Moon and controls the movement of the planets.
In the Rig Veda Brahaspati is said to be born in the sky with seven faces and seven rays. Brahaspati defeats his enemies and breaks their forts. No ritual sacrifice can be complete without invoking this teacher of gods. He is the seer who perceived and wrote one of the hymns of the Rig Veda (10.72).
In the Skanda Purana it is said that Brahaspati worshiped Shiva for a thousand years and as a reward Shiva made him the planet Jupiter.
Jupiter is a sattvik and benefic planet, significator of luck and fortune, he rules religion, philosophy, spirituality, wealth, and progeny. If favorable, this planet gives name, fame, success, honor, wealth, progeny and good relationship with progeny, it brings benefits to whatever planets or house it is associated with. The related color is yellow. Thursday is his day, and northeast is his direction. Jupiter rules number 3 in indian numerology.
Through the placement of Jupiter in a birth chart we know about the benefits earned by a native from the karmas of his past lives. Jupiter also affects long-distance travel, wisdom, truthfulness, morality, charity, benevolence, compassion, and meditation.
Jupiter is very important for a female, because it determines her marriage and her relationship with her husband. All people with high ambitions, calm persons, priests, religious teachers, politicians, ministers, foreigners, and persons in the legal profession are influenced by Jupiter. The gemstone of Jupiter is the yellow sapphire.
The Rahu in vedic astrology
In the most ancient scriptures on vedic astrology we do not find the names of Rahu and its counterpart, Ketu. Instead, only seven planets are mentioned.
The name of Rahu first appears in the Mahabharata, when we read the story of the churning of the Ocean of Milk in the search for ambrosia - the elixir of immortality known as amrita in Sanskrit. Rahu was the son of Danava Vipracitti by his wife Simhika, and a brother of Maya Danava, the great magician and architect.
Rahu and Ketu are two parts of the same danava and are 180° apart from each other. Whenever either Sun or Moon are conjunct with Rahu or Ketu, a solar or lunar eclipse takes place.
In astronomy Rahu is considered the dragon's head and is also known as the north node of Moon, the point where the Moon's orbit crosses the ecliptic. Ketu is known as the dragon's tail, which gives birth to comets and meteors and is known as the descending or the south node of the Moon.
When Sun, Moon, and Rahu or Ketu fall in the same zodiacal longitude, a solar eclipse takes place. Rahu is responsible for solar, Ketu for lunar eclipse. This makes them significant for astronomers and astrologers both.
Though they are included in planets, Rahu and Ketu are not real luminaries and are regarded as shadow planets. They do not have ability to cast aspects, as other planets do, they do not rule any zodiacal signs and are not characterized as male or female.
Because they are related to Moon as its north and south nodes, they reflect the basic bipolarity of energy within the cosmos and the individual. They are both regarded as malefic half-planets and they bisect the natal chart of the horoscopes of all individuals. The gemstone related to Rahu is hessonite. Rahu rules number 4 in indian numerology.